Student Research Committee, School of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Background and objectives: Because of the importance of breast cancer as a first cause of morbidity and mortality among females, also the limitation of chemotherapy and based on literature of the use of herbal medicines against cancer, the current study was aimed to determine the efficacy of Berbers vulgaris fruit ethanol extract against MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Methods: The efficacy of the ethanol extract of B. vulgaris against MCF-7cells was determined after IC50 determination against 3T3 cell. Then, the fractions were obtained by methanol and aqueous solvents also by RP18. Then, IC50 of fractions were determined against 3T3 cells and the efficacy of fractions against MCF-7 was evaluated by quantative PCR. P53, Bax and BCL-2 expression levels were determined. Finally, by using HPLC and then NMR the active component was obtained. Results: The results demonstrated IC50 value of 9 mg/mL of the crude extract for inhibiting the cancer cells. On the other hand, 25 ug/mL of fraction B inhibited breast cancer cells and this fraction was purified by HPLC and chlorogenic acid as a main component along with 5-caffeoy1 quinic acid and 4-caffeoy1 quinic acid were identified. The structures of components were determined by HSQC, HMBC and COSY. Conclusion: The current study showed the efficacy of B. vulgaris fruit ethanol extract against MCF-7 breast cancer cell line with no harm against normal cells.